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30 May 2022

The Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada, David Lametti, today refused to meet with Ramiro Osorio Cristales, one of the only survivors of a terrible massacre in Guatemala. Mr. Osorio Cristales, a Canadian citizen, has long demanded that Canada try Jorge Vinicio Sosa Orantes, an alleged war criminal who has been accused of actively participating in the massacre and who now lives in Canada, having obtained Canadian citizenship.


“I fled to Canada to live in safety, which I have been able to do for the past twenty years. This is no longer the case, one of the criminals who massacred my family, my friends, my village, lives freely in the country. Today, I am confident that the Canadian government will do the right thing: I ask the Minister of Justice, Mr. David Lametti, to initiate criminal proceedings against Jorge Vinicio Sosa Orantes. – Ramiro Osorio Cristales, survivor of the Las Dos Erres massacre.”


Ramiro Osorio Cristales, survivant du massacre de Las Dos Erres


Lawyers Without Borders Canada (LWBC), which is accompanying Mr. Osorio Cristales and the Guatemalan association of relatives of the victims of the massacre (Familiares de desaparecidos de Guatemala – FAMDEGUA) in their quest for justice, was also present in Ottawa, on his behalf and as a representative of the Canadian Partnership for International Justice (CPIJ), to call on Minister Lametti to act. The Minister has the authority – indeed the duty – under the Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Act, as outlined in a statement supported by 20 organizations which was prepared by LWBC in collaboration with CPIJ.


In 1982, the special unit in which Mr. Sosa Orantes was an officer who entered the Guatemalan village of Las Dos Erres and massacred almost the entire civilian population, systematically exterminating men, women, infants, and children. Ramiro Osorio Cristales, then five years old, was one of only two survivors of this massacre.


In the statement, LWBC, CPIJ and the 20 supporting organizations call on:


– the Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Program to review and document all allegations against Jorge Vinicio Sosa Orantes and to submit a request to the Attorney General of Canada to authorize a prosecution under the Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Act;


– the Attorney General of Canada to consent to the prosecution of Jorge Vinicio Sosa Orantes for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed during the massacre of Las Dos Erres;


– the Canadian government to assume its responsibilities towards alleged war criminals in Canada by activating its Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Program and ensuring that it has the necessary means to implement Canada’s obligations to fight impunity for crimes against humanity and war crimes.


Between June and August 2021, LWBC and CPIJ made numerous calls to the government to take action on this issue. These calls went unanswered.


“Last June, we asked the government to act on the case of Jorge Vinicio Sosa Orantes. Almost a year later, we are still waiting for the government to act. Today, 20 organizations are joining Lawyers Without Borders Canada in calling for the same thing. Simply revoking citizenship is not enough. To truly fight impunity, Canada must take its responsibilities and bring Jorge Vinicio Sosa Orantes to justice to face charges of crimes against humanity.”


Pascal Paradis, Executive Director of LWBC


Canada was one of the first countries to support investigations into crimes against humanity and war crimes committed in Ukraine since the Russian invasion. This strong commitment to international criminal justice must be equally strong in Canada. It is time for the Canadian government to act with courage by taking concrete steps to bring Mr. Sosa Orantes to justice. It is not acceptable that Mr. Sosa Orantes – who Canada itself says has committed crimes against humanity – continues to live freely on Canadian soil without being held accountable for these crimes.


“As one of the first states to enact legislation to prosecute international crimes within its borders, Canada has all the tools at its disposal to investigate, charge and provide adequate recourse to victims of international crimes. Whether it is the Las Dos Erres massacre or other atrocities elsewhere in the world, all that is missing is the political will to give the Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Program the resources and authority it needs to fully realize the promises Canada has made since the creation of the International Criminal Court in 1998.”


Professor Fannie Lafontaine, Director of CPIJ


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